August, 2017 | New Delhi, India
In order to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals, the role of young people needs to change from being mere beneficiaries to becoming active partners in implementing and monitoring the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). To celebrate the International Youth Day, 2017, the Youth for Education, Sustainability and Peace (YESPeace) Network is bringing together voices of youth from around the world with a focus on SDG 4, Target 7. Through a series of opinion pieces and blogs highlighting innovative work of various youth organisations, we will showcase the youth’s perspective on education systems from across the globe.
Opinion Feature by Mr. Chintan Girish Modi
Do you buy the argument that children and youth are inherently peaceful, and that it is only the adult world that rewires them to be violent? I used to believe in this line of thought, and imagined that education for peace should focus on transforming the biased attitudes of adults instead of working with school and college students. I can now see how simplistic that approach was, especially with the regular stream of news reports about young people engaging in acts of murder and rape.
The National Focus Group Position Paper on Education For Peace, published by India’s National Council for Educational Research and Training (NCERT) in 2006 mentions that 18 per cent of the children interviewed for that paper were “found to take pleasure in various acts of violence…they enjoyed stoning little pups and kittens, breaking flower buds off plants, holding butterflies between their fingers, older children engaged in eve-teasing and ragging to the extent that it sometimes became fatal.”
This description is a clear departure from images of children as innocent, uncorrupted and angelic. What is it that prompts young people to resort to this kind of everyday violence? The NCERT paper mentioned earlier states, “Faith in violence as a quick-fix problem-solver is an emerging epidemic.” I think that is an apt articulation of the challenge that faces our society. With the power to communicate easily via social media, knee-jerk responses are even more commonplace.
People are easily offended by the content of films, the food on someone else’s plate, the books that are being written, and much else. Instead of expressing themselves in a civil manner, they seek refuge in hate speech. Words are sometimes more powerful than weapons, and are known to instigate violence against individuals and communities. This is why education for peace has becoming increasingly important.
One cannot afford to emphasise only the knowledge of traditional school subjects or the soft skills currently in vogue. There is a need to reorient education in a way that it empowers young people to learn what it means to be in someone else’s shoes, to connect with peers across the divisions created by caste, gender identities, sexual preference, class, ethnicity, language, and the other markers that individuals use to define or describe themselves. At the individual level, this is possible only when we begin to look within, and work with our own prejudices.
What can be done at the systemic level, in a pragmatic way, beyond the niceties of lip service? Since the Indian education system revolves mainly around the textbook, which almost has a scripture-like status in the classroom, that might be the perfect place to begin. I had the opportunity to work on Textbooks for Sustainable Development: A Guide To Embedding published by the UNESCO Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Education for Peace and Sustainable Development in 2017. It is a guidebook for writers and publishers of school textbooks, and the focus is on four subjects: Language, Mathematics, Science, and Geography.
As mentioned in the guidebook, “Embedding is not about inserting new thematic content into an already overcrowded curriculum, which would make it impractical – both time and content wise – for the teacher and textbook author. Nor is it about removing or minimizing the importance of academic content. Instead, it is about reorienting subjects into serving a more socially and globally relevant purpose: that of contributing to a sustainable, just and peaceful world, with young people motivated, prepared and empowered to address persistent and emerging local and global challenges.”
Opinion Feature author: Mr. Chintan Girish MODI
Mr. Chintan Girish MODI is a school teacher turned peacebuilder who writes widely on arts, culture and gender apart from conducting student workshops and teacher trainings on education for peace. He is also the founder of Aao Dosti Karein.
In commemoration of the International Youth Day, on the 12th August, 2017, UNESCO MGIEP is conducting various activities throughout the month of August 2017:
YESPeace is a network of networks that connects youth and youth organisations working in the areas of education, peace, sustainable development and global citizenship. For the latest updates, sign up to the YESPeace Network and join the YESPeaceNetwork on Facebook.
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Related articles and links:
Youth Voices: Sowing Peace: One Mind at a time Add one spoon of peace to your education From Economy-worthy to Empathy-driven: Peace is the BridgeUNESCO MGIEP’S YOUTH TOWNHALL On Harnessing the Indian Youth Demographic Bulge for a True Dividend: Vision to action for the 21st Century
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Ms. Piyali SARKAR DEBNATH– Programme Officer (email@example.com)
Ms. Akriti MEHRA – Communications Specialist (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in this Opinion Peace do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of UNESCO MGIEP.